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Canada PR Process Step By Step


What is an Express Entry Program?

The Express Entry Program is the most popular and accurate immigration route for a Canada PR visa that was introduced in January 2015.

It is considered a major source of skilled immigration to Canada and manages the profiles of immigrants applying for PR visas through three economic immigration programs:

What are the benefits of a Canadian PR visa?

Here are some of the major benefits of a Canada PR visa:

  • The advantage of being able to live and work anywhere in Canada
  • Benefit from free world class health coverage
  • Free education is available for children up to the age of 18
  • Sponsor relatives
  • Get Canadian citizenship
  • Get protection under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Know how to apply for a PR visa from India to Canada.

Below are the most popular immigration categories to apply for a Canada PR visa:

  • Provincial Nomination Program (PNPs)
  • Express entry program
  • Business Investor Immigration
  • Quebec Immigration Program

What is an Express Entry Program?

The Express Entry Program is the most popular and accurate immigration route for a Canada PR visa that was introduced in January 2015.

It is considered a major source of skilled immigration to Canada and manages the profiles of immigrants applying for PR visas through three economic immigration programs:

  • Federal Skilled Trades (FST)
  • Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

The Express Entry program comes with a point-based immigration program. To qualify here, candidates are required to score a minimum of 67 points out of 100 in the FSWP Points Assessment Grid.

Find out what these points are awarded based on:

Age – Candidates between the ages of 18 and 35 are awarded a maximum of 12 points. After the age of 35, candidates begin to lose one point each year.

Education – A maximum of 25 points is awarded in the education section.

Work Experience – Candidates are awarded maximum 15 points in this category. You must have at least 1 year of experience in a profession classified under the Canadian Profession Type-A, National Occupation Classification (NOC) or B.

Language Skills – Maximum 28 points are awarded for this category. Where 24 points for IELTS and 4 points for TEF.

Sorted Employment – Maximum 10 points are awarded for this category. This requires you to get a valid job offer from a Canadian employer.

Adaptability – Maximum 10 points are awarded in this section. To get these 10 points, your wife has to be with you in the application as well.

Calculate your Canada PR Visa 67 points with our 67 points calculator!!

What happens when you qualify for the Express Entry Program with 67 points or more?

If you are selected to qualify for 67 points, you can start ECA and IELTS processing to submit your application under the Express Entry Program.

Once the CRS score cut-offs are cleared you will be able to get an ITA to submit an application for a Canada PR visa by direct invitation.

What if you qualify for the PNP program instead of cutting the invitation directly?

If a candidate is unable to meet the current cut-off under the CRS ranking system, he or she can still expect nominations from the following ten Canadian provinces: e.g.

  • Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
  • New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)
  • Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
  • Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
  • Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
  • British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
  • Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)
  • Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)

The top provinces come with their own requirements and in-demand lists of jobs. This is changing from time to time according to the demand of the Canadian labor market. You must have a valid express entry profile with 67 points to access all these programs.

If Express Entry candidates get provincial nominations from any province, they get 600,000 CRS points. They were then invited to apply for a Canada PR visa.


FAQs for step by step Canada PR process for 2020

The processing time for your Canada PR visa request is defined as the time it takes IRCC to process your request. Processing time is the time between the day they receive your request and the day they decide on your request. On average if you apply for Canada PR Visa through express entry program, it takes around 6 to 8 months to get your visa.

Express entry program is the fastest immigration program to apply for Canada PR Visa. An average-case takes around 6 to 8 months to process. It is the most popular immigration for PR Visa and you can get your ITA if you can clear the latest CRS score cut-off.

COVID-19 has affected Canada’s immigration. Currently, the receipt of new applications for PR continues. Incomplete applications will be retained and reviewed within 90 days. Applicants for permanent residence who have a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) or Permanent Resident Visa (PR) should notify IRCC, using a web form, if they cannot travel before the document expires. If the 60 day waiting period has passed and the applicant has still not informed IRCC that they can travel, a note must be added to the application for review after an additional 60 days.

In case of PR visa, once biometrics is requested the passport application should arrive as soon as the security check is cleared, it takes up to two months but depending on the case and the country of processing, it could also take longer.

PNP provides the immigration pathway for Canada PR Visa to you with each province having its PNP program. If you can get a provincial nomination, you are given a major boost of 600 CRS points. Generally, Saskatchewan PNP is considered easiest of them all to allow you to live in the province as a permanent resident.

To be eligible for Canada PR Visa, you should be able to score 67 out of 100 points in the eligibility factors listed below:

  • Age: People aged 18-35 get maximum points. Those over 35 get fewer points while the maximum age to qualify is 45.
  • Education: In this category, your school diploma must be equal to upper secondary education by Canadian standards.
  • Work Experience: For a minimum of points, you must have at least one year of full-time work experience. More years of work experience means more points. Your occupation should be listed as Skill Type 0 or Skill Level A or B of the National Occupational Classification (NOC).
  • Language ability: you must have at least 6 strips in your IELTS test and the score must be less than 2 years. You get additional points if you master French.
  • Adaptability: If your spouse or common-law partner is willing to migrate with you to Canada, you are entitled to an additional 10 points for adaptability.
  • Arranged employment: You can earn a maximum of 10 points if you have a valid offer from a Canadian employer.

When you apply for your visa online, you can also check the status of your application online. Make sure you have the correct login information for your profile. Go to the official website and log in. You can now check the status. You will also receive a confirmation email once your visa has been approved.

The last program express entry draw was held on August 5, which invited a total of 3,900 express entry candidates for Canada PR Visa. CRS score cut-off was set at 476 points to get an ITA to apply for Canada PR Visa.

To be eligible for Canada Immigration, candidates are required to score at least 67 points. These points are awarded based on the selection factors that are as follows:

  • Language Skills (Maximum 28 points)
  • Educational Qualification (Maximum 25 points)
  • Work Experience (Maximum 15 points)
  • Age (Maximum 12 points)
  • Arranged Employment (Maximum 10 points)
  • Adaptability (Maximum 10 points)

Once the candidate can clear the minimum points required and meet other major requirements, candidates can create an express profile in the express entry program.

To maintain your permanent resident status, you must have been in Canada for at least 730 days within the past five years. These 730 days do not need to be continuous. Part of your stay abroad can count within 730 days. See how much time abroad counts towards your permanent resident status.